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The Other Great Migration: Southern Whites and the New Right

Samuel Bazzi, Andreas Ferrara, Martin Fiszbein, Thomas P. Pearson and Patrick Testa

No 29506, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: This paper shows how the migration of millions of Southern whites in the 20th century shaped the cultural and political landscape across America. Racially and religiously conservative, Southern white migrants created new electoral possibilities for a broad-based coalition with economic conservatives. With their considerable geographic scope, these migrants hastened partisan realignment and helped to catalyze and bolster a New Right movement with national influence over the long run. More than just augmenting the conservative voter base outside the South, they influenced non-Southerners by building evangelical churches, diffusing right-wing media, and mixing through intermarriage and residential integration. Tracking non-Southern households, we show that exposure to Southern white neighbors increased adoption of conservative religious norms. Overall, our findings suggest that this mass migration blurred the North–South cultural divide and reshaped the geography of conservatism in the U.S.

JEL-codes: D72 J15 J18 N32 P16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm, nep-his, nep-mig, nep-pol, nep-soc and nep-ure
Note: DAE LS POL
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1)

Published as Samuel Bazzi & Andreas Ferrara & Martin Fiszbein & Thomas Pearson & Patrick A Testa, 2023. "The Other Great Migration: Southern Whites and the New Right," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol 138(3), pages 1577-1647.

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Journal Article: The Other Great Migration: Southern Whites and the New Right (2023) Downloads
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