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An Equilibrium Analysis of the Effects of Neighborhood-based Interventions on Children

Eric Chyn and Diego Daruich

No 29927, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: To study the effects of neighborhood and place-based interventions, this paper incorporates neighborhood effects into a general equilibrium (GE) heterogeneous-agent overlapping-generations model with endogenous location choice and child skill development. Importantly, housing costs as well as neighborhood effects are endogenously determined in equilibrium. Having calibrated the model based on U.S. data, we use simulations to show that predictions from the model match reduced form evidence from experimental and quasi-experimental studies of housing mobility and urban development programs. After this validation exercise, we study the long-run and large-scale impacts of vouchers and place-based subsidies. Both policies result in welfare gains by reducing inequality and generating improvements in average skills and productivity, all of which offset higher levels of taxes and other GE effects. We find that a voucher program generates larger long-run welfare gains relative to place-based policies. Our analysis of transition dynamics, however, suggests there may be more political support for place-based policies.

JEL-codes: H53 I31 J13 R13 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-lab and nep-ure
Note: CH PE
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (6)

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