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School Choice, Competition, and Aggregate School Quality

Michael Gilraine, Uros Petronijevic and John Singleton

No 31328, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: This paper develops and estimates an empirical framework that evaluates the impact of charter school choice on education quality in the aggregate. We estimate the model using student-level data from North Carolina. We find that North Carolina’s lifting of its statewide charter school cap raised the average public school's value-added by around 0.01 standard deviations (on the student test score distribution). We calculate the total human capital returns of the expansion at above $100,000 per charter school enrollee. We further show that competition drives the aggregate gains; test score impacts on students induced into charter schools by the policy are negative.

JEL-codes: H75 I21 I28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu and nep-ure
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