EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Do Living Wage Ordinances Reduce Urban Poverty?

David Neumark () and Scott Adams ()

No 7606, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: Many cities in the United States have recently passed living wage ordinances. These ordinances typically mandate that businesses under contract with the city or, in some cases, receiving assistance from the city, must pay their workers a wage sufficient to support a family financially. To date, there has been no empirical analysis of the actual effects of living wages on the expected beneficiaries low-wage workers and their families. In this paper, we estimate the effects of city living wage ordinances on the wages and hours of workers in cities that have adopted such legislation. We also look at the effects of the ordinances on employment and poverty rates in these cities. Our findings indicate that living wage ordinances boost wages of low-wage workers. The estimated elasticities are small, however, which seems consistent with the fact that living wages have limited coverage, and may also have limited compliance and enforcement. In addition to the wage effects, we find weak negative hours effects of living wage ordinances on low-wage workers, and strong negative employment effects. Finally, our estimates of the effects of living wages on poverty rates indicate that living wage ordinances may help to achieve modest reductions in urban poverty.

JEL-codes: J23 R00 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lab
Date: 2000-03
Note: LS
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (11) Track citations by RSS feed

Published as Neumark, David and Scott Adams. "Do Living Wage Ordinances Reduce Urban Poverty?," Journal of Human Resources, 2003, v38(3,Summer), 490-521.

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.nber.org/papers/w7606.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Do Living Wage Ordinances Reduce Urban Poverty? (2003) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nbr:nberwo:7606

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.nber.org/papers/w7606

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2019-10-22
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:7606