EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Factor Supplies and Specialization in the World Economy

James Harrigan () and Egon Zakrajsek ()

No 7848, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: A core prediction of the Heckscher-Ohlin theory is that countries specialize in goods in which they have a comparative advantage, and that the source of comparative advantage is differences in relative factor supplies. To examine this theory, we use the most extensive dataset available and document the pattern of industrial specialization and factor endowment differences in a broad sample of rich and developing countries over a lengthy period (1970-92). Next, we develop an empirical model of specialization based on factor endowments, allowing for unmeasurable technological differences and estimate it using panel data techniques. In addition to estimating the effects of factor endowments, we also consider the alternative hypothesis that the level of aggregate productivity by itself can explain specialization. Our results clearly show the importance of factor endowments on specialization: relative endowments do matter.

JEL-codes: F1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2000-08
Note: ITI
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (21) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.nber.org/papers/w7848.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Factor supplies and specialization in the world economy (2000) Downloads
Working Paper: Factor supplies and specialization in the world economy (2000) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nbr:nberwo:7848

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.nber.org/papers/w7848

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2019-07-22
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:7848