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The political economy of trade and migration: Evidence from the U.S. Congress

Paola Conconi (), Giovanni Facchini (), Max Steinhardt () and Maurizio Zanardi ()

No 2012031, Norface Discussion Paper Series from Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London

Abstract: Over the last decades, the United States has become increasingly integrated in the world economy. Very low trade barriers and comparatively liberal migration policies have made these developments possible. What drove US congressmen to support the recent wave of globalization? While much of the literature has emphasized the differences that exist between the political economy of trade and migration, in this paper we find that important similarities should not be overlooked. In particular, our analysis of congressional voting between 1970 and 2006 suggests that economic drivers that work through the labor market play an important role in shaping representatives’ behavior on both types of policies. Representatives from more skilled-labor abundant districts are more likely to support both trade liberalization and a more open stance vis-à-vis unskilled immigration. Still, important systematic differences exist: welfare state considerations and network effects have an impact on the support for immigration liberalization, but not for trade; Democratic lawmakers are systematically more likely to support a more open migration stance than their Republican counterparts, whereas the opposite is true for trade liberalization.

Keywords: Trade Reforms; Immigration Reforms. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J61 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int, nep-mig and nep-pol
Date: 2012-11
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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Related works:
Working Paper: The Political Economy of Trade and Migration: Evidence from the U.S. Congress (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: The political economy of trade and migration: evidence from the U.S. Congress (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: The political economy of trade and migration:Evidence from the U.S. Congress (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: The political economy of trade and migration: Evidence from the U.S. Congress (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: he Political Economy of Trade and Migration: Evidence from the U.S. Congress (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: The political economy of trade and migration: Evidence from the US Congress (2012) Downloads
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