EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Understanding Preferences: “Demand Types”, and the Existence of Equilibrium with Indivisibilities

Elizabeth Baldwin () and Paul Klemperer ()

No 2015-W10, Economics Papers from Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford

Abstract: We propose new techniques for understanding agents’ valuations. Our classification into “demand types”, incorporates existing definitions (such as substitutes, complements, “strong substitutes”, etc.), and permits additional distinctions. We obtain an easy-to-check necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a competitive equilibrium for indivisible goods. Our condition generalises many existing results, and provides new insights: contrary to much popular belief, there are more classes of purelycomplements preferences than classes of purely-substitutes preferences for which competitive equilibrium always exists. Our techniques are also powerful when equilibrium cannot be guaranteed from the “demand type”. For a specific set of individual valuations, we often can check for equilibrium existence by simply counting the number of intersection points of the geometric objects we study! Our methods also have applications to matching, and to the Product-Mix Auction, introduced by the Bank of England in response to the financial crisis.

Keywords: consumer theory; equilibrium existence; general equilibrium; competitive equilibrium; duality; indivisible goods; geometry; tropical geometry; convex geometry; auction; product mix auction; product-mix auction; substitute; complement; demand type; matching (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C62 D50 D51 D44 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 71 pages
Date: 2015-08-15
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mic
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (12) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.nuffield.ox.ac.uk/economics/papers/2015/demandtypes.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Understanding Preferences: “Demand Types”, and the Existence of Equilibrium With Indivisibilities (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Understanding Preferences: "Demand Types", and the Existence of Equilibrium with Indivisibilities (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Understanding preferences: "demand types", and the existence of equilibrium with indivisibilities (2016) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nuf:econwp:1510

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Economics Papers from Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Maxine Collett ().

 
Page updated 2021-04-09
Handle: RePEc:nuf:econwp:1510