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Building the resilience of the United States’ agricultural sector to extreme floods

Emily Gray and Katherine Baldwin

No 161, OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers from OECD Publishing

Abstract: Agricultural producers in the United States have significant experience in managing the risk of natural hazard-induced disasters (NHID), but the 2019 Midwestern Floods and Hurricane Florence in 2018 highlighted the importance of increasing resilience to extreme floods. A number of current practices already build resilience. Producers can access science-based information on adaptation to climate and weather-related risks, preparedness and recovery, including through the USDA Climate Hubs. Formal networks build relationships and capabilities before a disaster, improving the effectiveness of disaster preparedness and response. USDA conservation programmes and various soil health initiatives help farmers to mitigate the impacts of floods on production. However, most farm support is directed to agricultural risk management policies and disaster assistance that help producers cope with the impacts of NHID. Integrating resilience objectives into these programmes would send a clearer signal to producers about the need to adapt and increase resilience. Policy makers should also engage with trusted stakeholders – including farm organisations and extension agents – to promote the benefits of practices that build resilience to NHID ID.

Keywords: Agricultural risk management; Floods; Natural disaster risk; Resilience (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q15 Q16 Q18 Q25 Q54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-06-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr and nep-env
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