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European lending channel: differences in transmission mechanisms due to the global financial crisis

Tomas Heryan (), Panayiotis Tzeremes () and Roman Matousek ()
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Panayiotis Tzeremes: Department of Economics, University of Thessaly
Roman Matousek: University of Kent, Kent Business School

No 27, Working Papers from Silesian University, School of Business Administration

Abstract: This study focuses on the bank lending channels and transmission mechanisms of monetary policy in European Union (EU) countries. In accordance with previous empirical studies, we deploy the generalized method of moments (GMM) with pooled annual data. We examine the period from 1999 to 2012. We extend the current research on the transmission mechanisms of monetary policy in the following way: first, we compare the differences between the ‘old’ Economic Monetary Union (EMU) and ‘new’ EU countries. Second, we examine the interaction terms between bank characteristics and both monetary policy indicators. In particular, we examine the impact of short-term interest rates and monetary aggregate M2 on bank behaviour. Assuming a more obvious transmission mechanism, we argue that, in the group of ‘old’ EMU countries, the lending channel is affected by smaller banks that are less liquid or are strongly capitalized. For ‘new’ EU countries, we find similar results, i.e., the lending channel affects smaller banks. However, in terms of liquidity and capital adequacy and assuming a more obvious transmission mechanism, we find an opposing result. Those countries’ lending channel is affected by smaller banks with higher levels of liquidity and lower bank capital. Third, we describe how transmission mechanisms changed during the crises period.

Keywords: lending channel; transmission mechanism; crisis times; old EMU and new EU countries (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C58 G01 G21 G28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ban, nep-cfn, nep-eec, nep-mon and nep-opm
Date: 2016-01-04
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