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A Framework for Open Policy Analysis

Fernando Hoces de la Guardia, Sean Grant and Edward Miguel
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Sean Grant: Indiana University

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Abstract: The evidence-based policy movement promotes the use of empirical evidence to inform policy decision-making. While this movement has gained traction over the last two decades, concerns about the credibility of empirical research have been identified in scientific disciplines that use research methods and practices that are commonplace in policy analysis. As a solution, we argue that policy analysis should adopt the transparent, open, and reproducible research practices increasingly espoused in related disciplines. We first discuss the importance of evidence-based policy in an era of increasing disagreement about facts, analysis, and expertise. We review recent credibility crises of empirical research, and their relevance to the credibility of evidence-based policy. We then make the case for “open” policy analysis (OPA) and how to achieve it, focusing on examples of recent policy analyses that have incorporated open research practices such as transparent reporting, open data, and code sharing. We conclude with recommendations on how key stakeholders in evidence-based policy can make OPA the norm and thus safeguard trust in using empirical evidence to inform important policy decisions.

Date: 2018-03-26
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ltv and nep-opm
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DOI: 10.31219/

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