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A Noi! Income Inequality and Italian Fascism: Evidence from Labour and Top Income Shares

Giacomo Gabbuti ()

No _177, Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers from University of Oxford, Department of Economics

Abstract: A century after Mussolini’s seizure of power, distributive trends during Interwar Italy are only partially known. This paper presents new evidence on inequality, contributing to the ‘classic’ debate on Fascism’s origins and legacy. Labour shares fell dramatically during the Great War, quickly recovered by 1922, and experienced a steady decline during Fascism, reaching a secular minimum in early 1940s. A newly assembled database of fiscal tabulations shows increasing concentration at the top between 1925 and 1936. These findings testify the fundamentally regressive nature of the Fascist regime, revealing significant discontinuity in Italy’s long-run inequality trend.

JEL-codes: B12 D63 J31 N14 N34 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-02-18
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his and nep-lma
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