Student effort and educational attainment: Using the England football team to identify the education production function
Robert Metcalfe () and
Simon Burgess and Steven Proud
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Steven Proud () and
Simon Burgess ()
No 586, Economics Series Working Papers from University of Oxford, Department of Economics
We use a sharp, exogenous and repeated change in the value of leisure to identify the impact of student effort on educational achievement. The treatment arises from the partial overlap of the world's major international football tournaments with the exam period in England. Our data enable a clean difference-in-difference design. Performance is measured using the high-stakes tests that all students take at the end of compulsory schooling. We find a strongly significant effect: the average impact of a fall in effort is 0.12 SDs of student performance, significantly larger for male and disadvantaged students, as high as many educational policies.
Keywords: Student effort; Educational achievement; Schools (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I20 J24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-eff, nep-hrm, nep-lab, nep-spo and nep-ure
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Working Paper: Student effort and educational attainment: Using the England football team to identify the education production function (2011)
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