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The Two Faces of R&D and Human Capital: Evidence from Western European Regions

Johanna Vogel

No 599, Economics Series Working Papers from University of Oxford, Department of Economics

Abstract: This paper investigates two channels through which research and development (R&D) and human capital may affect regional total factor productivity growth in the manufacturing sector, using panel data on 159 EU-15 regions from 1992 to 2005. Based on the endogenous growth model of Griffith, Redding and Van Reenen (2003), we allow R&D and human capital to influence productivity growth both directly, reflecting own innovation, and indirectly, reflecting imitation of frontier technology. Further, the model allows for conditional convergence to a long-run level of TFP relative to the frontier. We also develop an extension that captures geographically localised technology spillovers. Our preferred system-GMM estimates provide evidence of a positive and significant direct effect of human capital, and a positive and significant indirect effect of R&D on productivity growth. This may be interpreted as lending support to the recent focus of EU regional policy on raising educational attainment and R&D expenditures, although their channels of influence appear to differ. Our results also suggest that TFP convergence has taken place over our sample period and that geographic distance to the technology frontier matters.

Keywords: Total factor productivity; Convergence; Human capital; Research and development; European regions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C23 I25 O30 O47 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012-04-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-edu, nep-eff, nep-eur, nep-fdg, nep-geo, nep-hrm, nep-ino, nep-knm and nep-ure
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (4)

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Journal Article: The two faces of R&D and human capital: Evidence from Western European regions (2015) Downloads
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