EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Dictators Walking the Mogadishu Line: How Men Become Monsters and Monsters Become Men

Tim Willems, Shaun Larcom and Mare Sarr ()

No 701, Economics Series Working Papers from University of Oxford, Department of Economics

Abstract: History offers many examples of dictators who worsened their behavior significantly over time (like Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe), while there are also cases of dictators who have displayed remarkable improvements (like Jerry Rawlings of Ghana). We show that such mutations can result from rational behavior when the dictator's flow use of repression is complementary to his accumulated stock of wrongdoings. This complementarity gives rise to two steady states (one where repression is low and one where repression is high) and implies that any individual rising to power in this setup has the potential to end up as either a moderate leader, or as a dreaded tyrant. Our model shows that dictators are more likely to derail with higher levels of divertible funds available, for example stemming from fungible aid inflows or from the exploitation of natural resources.

Keywords: Dictatorship; Repression; Political violence; Resource curse; Learning; Multiple steady states (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 D74 N47 O10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014-04-28
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-pol
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.economics.ox.ac.uk/materials/papers/13330/paper701.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Dictators Walking the Mogadishu Line: How Men Become Monsters and Monsters Become Men (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Dictators Walking the Mogadishu Line: How Men Become Monsters and Monsters Become Men (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Dictators walking the Mogadishu line: how men become monsters and monsters become men (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Dictators Walking the Mogadishu Line: How Men Become Monsters and Monsters Become Men (2014) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:oxf:wpaper:701

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Economics Series Working Papers from University of Oxford, Department of Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Anne Pouliquen ( this e-mail address is bad, please contact ).

 
Page updated 2020-10-24
Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:701