Schooling is Associated Not Only with Long-Run Wages, But Also with Wage Risks and Disability Risks: The Pakistani Experience
Asma Hyder () and
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Asma Hyder: Business School, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Asma Hyder Baloch ()
PIER Working Paper Archive from Penn Institute for Economic Research, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania
Many studies document significantly positive associations between schooling attainment and wages in developing countries. But when individuals enter occupations subsequent to completing their schooling, they not only face an expected work-life path of wages, but a number of other occupational characteristics, including wage risks and disability risks, for which there may be compensating wage differentials. This study examines the relations between schooling on one hand and mean wages and these two types of risks on the other hand, based on 77,685 individuals from the wage-earning population as recorded in six Labor Force Surveys of Pakistan. The results suggest that schooling is positively associated with mean total wages and wage rates, but has different associations with these two types of risks: Disability risks decline as schooling increases but wage risks, and even more, wage rate risks increase as schooling increases. The schooling-wage risks relation, but not the schooling-disability risks relation,is consistent with there being compensating differentials.
Keywords: Wages; Risks; Labor Markets; Job Disabilities; Compensating Differentials; Developing Country; Schooling (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J31 J28 O53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-lab and nep-ltv
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Journal Article: Schooling is Associated not only with Longrun Wages, but also with Wage Risks and Disability Risks: The Pakistani Experience (2011)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pen:papers:11-013
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