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Delay the Pension Age or Adjust the Pension Bene?t? Implications for Labor Supply and Individual Welfare in China

Yuanyuan Deng (), Hanming Fang (), Katja Hanewald () and Shang Wu
Additional contact information
Yuanyuan Deng: UNSW and CEPAR
Shang Wu: Aware Super and CEPAR

PIER Working Paper Archive from Penn Institute for Economic Research, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania

Abstract: We develop and calibrate a life-cycle model of labor supply and consumption to quantify the implications of alternative pension reforms on labor supply, individual welfare, and government budget for China’s basic old-age insurance program. We focus on urban males and distinguish low-skilled and high-skilled individuals, who di?er in their preferences, health and labor income dynamics, and medical expense processes. We use the calibrated model to evaluate three potential pension reforms: (i) increasing the pension eligibility age from 60 to 65, but keeping the current pension bene?t rule unchanged; (ii) keeping the pension eligibility age at 60, but proportionally lowering pension bene?ts so that the pension program’s budget is the same as under Reform (i); and (iii) increasing the pension eligibility age to 65 and simultaneously increasing the pension bene?ts so that individuals of both skill types attain the same individual welfare levels as in the status quo. We ?nd that relative to the baseline, both Reforms (i) and (ii) can substantially improve the budgets of the pension system, but at the cost of substantial individual welfare loss for both skill types. In contrast, we ?nd that Reform (iii) can modestly improve the budget of the pension system while ensuring that both skill types are as well o? as in the status quo. We ?nd that Reforms (i) and (ii) slightly increases, but Reform (iii) slightly decreases, the overall labor supply.

Keywords: pension reform; labor force participation; welfare; life-cycle behavior; China (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D14 D15 H55 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 41 pages
Date: 2021-05-30
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