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Analysis of internal migration in Poland with application of the gravity model

Michal Pietrzak (), Justyna Wilk () and Stanislaw Matusik ()
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Stanislaw Matusik: University School of Physical Education in Krakow, Poland

No 26/2013, Working Papers from Institute of Economic Research

Abstract: The subject of this paper is to consider internal migration phenomena in Poland in the years 2008-2011 with application of the gravity model. The period of time covers world financial and economic crisis which hinders economic growth in Poland and impedes internal migration flows. In the investigation 16 Polish voivodships were considered. The values of migration flows (for a permanent residence), related to inter- and intraregional flows constitute a dependent variable. As explanatory variables GDP per capita and registered unemployment rate, for which separate gravity models were specified, including also geographical distance, were selected. Estimation results provide an evaluation of an intensity and direction influence of explanatory variables on migration phenomena. Voivodships about relatively good economic situation are the centres of population inflow (particularly from neighbouring regions) and their net migration is positive. Territorial mobility of population of poor regions is very low.

Keywords: internal migration; gravity model; regional development; synthetic measure of development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J11 O11 R11 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 18 pages
Date: 2013-05, Revised 2013-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mig
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Published in Acta Universitatis Lodziensis, Folia Oeconomia, 2013.

Downloads: (external link) First version, 2013 (application/pdf)

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