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Evaluation of the credit risk importance during the crisis: The case study of SMEs according to a time of operating on the market

Jan Dvorsky (), Jaroslav Schonfeld (), Eva Cipovova () and Zora Petrakova ()
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Jan Dvorsky: Tomas Bata University in Zlin
Jaroslav Schonfeld: University of Economics
Eva Cipovova: Czech Technical University in Prague
Zora Petrakova: Slovak University of Technology

No 155/2017, Working Papers from Institute of Economic Research

Abstract: Research background: One of the possibilities for entrepreneur who is trying to start-up a successful business or grow a business, is to ensure the business from an economic perspective. Entrepreneurs can use a various alternative forms of financing. Despite the wide range of programs, grants and subsidies, the most commonly used form of financing is still a loan which is provided by the bank institutions. The relationship between entrepreneurs and banking institutions is mainly connected in the area of lending and guarantees for funding. Therefore the perception and the evaluation of the credit risk by entrepreneurs contributes to a better understanding of needs of both sides. Purpose of the article: A comparison of the evaluation of factors which affect the perception and management of the credit risk by entrepreneurs. Not only socio-demographic factors (gender, level of education or age of entrepreneurs) but also the nature of corporate activities in the business environment for small and medium-sized enterprises in the Czech Republic. Methodology/methods: During data collection, method of random firm’s selection using specialized database of companies “Albertina” was used. Afterwards, the method of interview with responsible managers of the company and method of online questionnaire survey were used. Data from 1141 enterprises in 2015 from all 14 regions of the Czech Republic were collected. In the first step of our research, the descriptive statistics (pivot tables, pie charts) were conducted. Afterwards, the two-sample t-test to compare a mean values of the perceptions of credit risk factors and verify the conditions for its completion (Histogram, Q-Q plot, Goodness of Fit Test, Pearson coefficient of contingency, t- test). Findings & Value added: With an increase of the time of operating in the business environment, the amount of women as a responsible people for business management is decreasing. Entrepreneurs are united in the opinion that the importance of credit risk during the crisis increases. There are statistically significant differences between entrepreneurs by a gender and age in enterprises with a time of operating on the market between 5-10 years that the importance of credit risk during the crisis increases.

Keywords: enterprise; credit risk; business environment; banks (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L26 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cfn, nep-dcm, nep-ent, nep-sbm and nep-tra
Date: 2017-05, Revised 2017-05
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