Analysis of ESCO Activities Using Country Indicators
Nesrin Okay () and
Uğur Akman ()
MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany
Energy Service Companies (ESCOs) are private sector instruments that offer energy-/emission-improvement (energy saving, energy efficiency, energy conservation, emission reduction) projects in the developed and in some developing countries. Literature reveals that energy-/emission-improvements of countries may be related to their innovation- and R&D-activity levels. In this work, we use a literature data on the activities and the sectors targeted by ESCOs in 38 countries, summarized in terms of the age of ESCO market (AEM), number of ESCO companies (NE), and total value of ESCO projects (VE). Along with the Global Innovation Index (GII) data of the countries, we investigate the relationships among the ESCO Indicators (EIs: AEM, NE, VE, sectors targeted by ESCOs), and the Country Indicators (CIs: GII and per-capita GDP, energy consumption, CO2 emission). We observe noteworthy dependencies between the EIs and CIs. Using the simple trend equations we estimate the missing VEs in the original data. We also project, as a hint for the size and orientation of the upcoming Turkish ESCO market, the set of EIs and the distribution of the sectors that are likely to be targeted by ESCOs in Turkey.
Keywords: Energy service companies; ESCO; Global Innovation Index; GDP; Energy consumption; Greenhouse-gas (CO2) emission; R&D (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L52 O1 O3 Q4 Q43 Q55 Q58 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-cwa, nep-ene, nep-env and nep-ppm
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Journal Article: Analysis of ESCO activities using country indicators (2010)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pra:mprapa:17012
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