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Fertility and Female Labor Force Participation: Causal Evidence from Urban China

Xiaobo He () and Rong Zhu

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: Using population census data, this paper examines the causal effect of childbearing on married women's labor force participation in urban China. To ameliorate the endogeneity of fertility, we exploit twin births as the instrument for the number of children. While the ordinary least squares estimates indicate that having one more child reduces female labor force participation by 6.7% and 8.5% in 1990 and 2000 respectively, the instrumental variable estimates suggest very small and insignificant effects for both years.

Keywords: Female labor force participation; Fertility; One-Child Policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 J21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013-01-29
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-dev and nep-tra
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (4) Track citations by RSS feed

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Related works:
Journal Article: Fertility and Female Labour Force Participation: Causal Evidence from Urban China (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Fertility and Female Labour Force Participation: Causal Evidence from Urban China (2015) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pra:mprapa:44552

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