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Fertility and Female Labour Force Participation: Causal Evidence from Urban China

Xiaobo He () and Rong Zhu

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: Using population census data, this paper examines the causal effect of a second child on married women's labour force participation in urban China. To ameliorate the endogeneity of fertility, we exploit twin births as the source of variation in fertility. While the ordinary least squares estimates indicate that having one more child significantly reduces female labour force participation by around 6 and 9 percentage points in 1990 and 2000 respectively, our causal analyses suggest very small negative effect in 1990 (around 2 percentage points) and insignificant effect in 2000.

Keywords: Female labour force participation; Fertility; One-Child Policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 J21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cna and nep-tra
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed

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Related works:
Journal Article: Fertility and Female Labour Force Participation: Causal Evidence from Urban China (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Fertility and Female Labor Force Participation: Causal Evidence from Urban China (2013) Downloads
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