Do old and new labour market risks overlap? Automation, offshorability, and non-standard employment
Miguel Malo () and
MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany
This article analyses whether automation and offshorability risks overlap with non-standard employment. The research uses data from Spain, as this is a country with one of the highest temporary employment rates across the world since the 1990s. In general, the analysis shows that automation risks affect slightly more to those with non-standard work arrangements. However, higher educational level is crucial to be much less exposed to automation risks, irrespective of the type of contract or the working time. The offshorability risk also has a small overlap with non-standard employment, but has the opposite relationship with the educational level. The results suggest that specific training policies attending to those with lower educational levels in non-standard employment would be advisable to protect some workers against automation risks, but not against offshorability.
Keywords: Automation; offshorability; temporary contracts; standard employment relationship (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F66 J11 J24 J41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur and nep-lab
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