EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Tighter Credit and Consumer Bankruptcy Insurance

António Antunes (), Tiago Cavalcanti (), Caterina Mendicino (), Marcel Peruffo and Anne Villamil

Working Papers from Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department

Abstract: How does bankruptcy protection affect household balance sheet adjustments and aggregate consumption when credit tightens? Using a tractable model of unsecured consumer credit we quantify the trade-off between the insurance and the creditworthiness effects of bankruptcy in response to tighter credit. We show that bankruptcy dampens the effect of tighter credit on aggregate consumption on impact. This is because it allows borrowers to sustain consumption against severe financial distress. However, by leading to consumers’ exclusion from the credit market for a certain period, bankruptcy also reduces their ability to smooth consumption over time, implying a slower recovery. The bankruptcy code establishes how costly it is to default, and, thus, plays a crucial role in determining consumers’ bankruptcy decisions and in shaping consumption dynamics. We quantify that the 2005 BAPCPA reform, by making filing for bankruptcy more costly, worsened the negative welfare effects of the subsequent credit tightening.

JEL-codes: E2 E5 G1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ban, nep-dge, nep-ias and nep-mac
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.bportugal.pt/sites/default/files/anexos/papers/wp201921_2.pdf

Related works:
Working Paper: Tighter Credit and Consumer Bankruptcy Insurance (2020) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ptu:wpaper:w201921

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by DEE-NTD ().

 
Page updated 2023-01-31
Handle: RePEc:ptu:wpaper:w201921