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On why gender employment equality in Britain has stalled since the early 1990s

Giovanni Razzu (), Carl Singleton () and Mark Mitchell ()
Additional contact information
Giovanni Razzu: Department of Economics, University of Reading
Mark Mitchell: School of Economics, University of Edinburgh

No em-dp2019-02, Economics & Management Discussion Papers from Henley Business School, Reading University

Abstract: Using over four decades of British micro data, this paper asks why the narrowing of the gender employment rate gap has stalled since the early 1990s. We find that changes to the structure of employment both between and within industry sectors impacted the gap at approximately constant rates throughout the period, and does not account for the stall. Instead, changes to how the characteristics of women's partners affected their own employment rates address most of the gap's shift in trend. There is also evidence that increases in women's employment when they had children or higher qualifications continued to narrow the gender gap even after it had stalled overall.

Keywords: gender employment gaps; structural change; micro time series dataset (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E24 J16 J21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gen, nep-his, nep-lab and nep-mac
Date: 2019-02-01
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http://www.reading.ac.uk/web/FILES/economics/emdp201902.pdf

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Working Paper: On why gender employment equality in Britain has stalled since the early 1990s (2018) Downloads
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