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Are Routine Jobs Moving South? Evidence from Changes in the Occupational Structure of Employment in the U.S. and Mexico

Guido Matias Cortes () and Diego Morris ()

Working Paper series from Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis

Abstract: The decline of employment in middle-wage, routine task intensive jobs has been well documented for the United States. Increased offshoring towards lower income countries such as Mexico has been proposed as a potential driver of this decline. We compare the evolution of employment across 181 detailed occupational categories in the U.S. and Mexico and find that, with few exceptions, the occupations that decline in the U.S. have also declined in Mexico. There is therefore little evidence that U.S. jobs are moving South. It is more likely that common shocks are responsible for the decline of middle-wage jobs in both countries.

Date: 2019-07
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Working Paper: Are routine jobs moving south?: Evidence from changes in the occupational structure of employment in the USA and Mexico (2020) Downloads
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