Trade and labour adjustment in Europe: What role for the European Globalization Adjustement Fund?
Lucian Cernat () and
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Federica Mustilli: DG Trade
No 2017-2, DG TRADE Chief Economist Notes from Directorate General for Trade, European Commission
Trade agreements have become a growing source of concerns due to potential job losses that some sectors can incur as a result of increased competition. Although the economic literature shows that the overall results of trade liberalization are positive, some sectors may be adversely affected, leading to job losses and adjustment costs. One instrument designed to deal with such adjustment costs is the European Globalization Adjustment Fund (EGF), established by the European Commission in 2006. By jointly funding with EU Member States active labour market policies, the EGF is a tool that supports workers who lost their jobs due to globalisation. Despite the relevance of the EGF as trade adjustment mechanism, the existing evidence suggests that its use is still limited compared to its potential. The paper tries to review some of the constraining factors identified in the latest mid-term evaluation by the European Commission and suggest several avenues for further improvement.
Keywords: European Globalization Adjustment Fund (EGF); labour market policies; international trade (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eec, nep-int and nep-lma
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ris:dgtcen:2017_002
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