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Gender patterns of EU exports: jobs and wage differentials

Zornitsa Kutlina-Dimitrova, Pablo Piñero and José Rueda-Cantuche
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Pablo Piñero: DG Trade

No 2022-1, DG TRADE Chief Economist Notes from Directorate General for Trade, European Commission

Abstract: Our paper provides new insights into the gender specific dimension of extra-EU exports. In 2019, the employment of more than 14 million women depended on EU exports to the world. The female share of exports related jobs however stood at only 38%, almost unchanged from its previous level in 2010. While exploring the drivers behind this gender specific employment gap, we find out that women are predominantly employed in the provision of services that are less tradable. In fact, the share of female workers in least-tradable sectors (defined as a sectoral openness of less than 15%) is close to 80%. Furthermore, while exploring the gender specific wage premium gap at EU level, our results show that although women benefit from a wage premium of 8%, their male co-workers enjoy a markedly higher wage premium of 11% at EU level.

Keywords: international trade; employment; multi-regional input-output tables; EU; gender; wages (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F16 F17 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 20 pages
Date: 2022-07-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eec, nep-gen and nep-int
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