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The Convergence of Welfare State Indicators in Europe: Evidence from Panel Data

Joerg Paetzold ()

No 2012-4, Working Papers in Economics from University of Salzburg

Abstract: This paper investigates whether there is a convergence in welfare state policies among the old EU member states. To identify such trends, we rely on pension and unemployment net replacement rates as well as on public social expenditures. Empirically, we use a sample of 14 economies (EU-15 excl. Lux.) between 1980 and 2005. The empirical findings reveal a presence of a convergence process, driven by strong catch-up of social protection levels in the Southern member states. Furthermore, convergence in replacement rates is substantially less pronounced than using spending data.

Keywords: social protection; convergence; pension & unemployment replacement rates; Europeanization; welfare state (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I32 I38 J68 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 37 pages
Date: 2012-03-22
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age and nep-eur
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