The Convergence of Welfare State Indicators in Europe: Evidence from Panel Data
Joerg Paetzold ()
No 2012-4, Working Papers in Economics from University of Salzburg
This paper investigates whether there is a convergence in welfare state policies among the old EU member states. To identify such trends, we rely on pension and unemployment net replacement rates as well as on public social expenditures. Empirically, we use a sample of 14 economies (EU-15 excl. Lux.) between 1980 and 2005. The empirical findings reveal a presence of a convergence process, driven by strong catch-up of social protection levels in the Southern member states. Furthermore, convergence in replacement rates is substantially less pronounced than using spending data.
Keywords: social protection; convergence; pension & unemployment replacement rates; Europeanization; welfare state (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I32 I38 J68 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 37 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age and nep-eur
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://www.uni-salzburg.at/fileadmin/oracle_file_imports/1771238.PDF Full text (application/pdf)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ris:sbgwpe:2012_004
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Working Papers in Economics from University of Salzburg Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Jörg Paetzold ().