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Military Conscription, Sexist Attitudes, and Intimate Partner Violence

María Gibbons and Martín Rossi

No 140, Working Papers from Universidad de San Andres, Departamento de Economia

Abstract: We provide empirical evidence on the long-term causal impact of military conscription on sexist attitudes and intimate partner violence. To address potential endogeneity, we exploit the conscription draft lottery in Argentina. We combine the draft administrative data with self-reported survey data. We find that conscription causes men to embrace more sexist attitudes in dimensions such as justification of sexism and violence, sexual machismo, negative attitude towards homosexuality, old-fashioned sexism, and hostile sexism. We also find that men who served are more likely to self-report engagement in intimate partner violence, as measured by non-physical abuse and physical violence.

Keywords: military service; sexism; physical violence; non-physical abuse (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: K42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 47 pages
Date: 2020-06, Revised 2021-09
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