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Crude oil dependence, deindustrialization and economic growth in Nigeria

George Ike (), Henry Okodua and Kemal Bagzibagli ()
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George Ike: Eastern Mediterranean University.

No 3205779, Proceedings of Economics and Finance Conferences from International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences

Abstract: Crude oil is a commodity of very great value. Its utility in almost all the sectors of 21st century economies is not substitutable as of yet. That is why its demand is relatively inelastic. Crude oil as a natural resource is supposed to stir economic growth and propagate overall development for countries that are lucky enough to be endowed with this commodity. However recent and past empirical research in this area has shown that resource rich countries develop slower than resource poor countries and that resource dependence has a negative relationship with economic growth. One of the mechanism of transmission is through the crowding out of the manufacturing and agricultural sectors through the process of direct and indirect de-industralization. In light of these developments this research primarily aims to capture the relationship between oil dependence the manufacturing sector and economic growth in Nigeria. Utilizing the Autoregressive distributed lag bounds testing cointegration techniques a model was constructed, oil dependence was proxied as the ratio of oil rents to GDP and it was discovered that oil dependence had a significant negative relationship with GDP which is robust to the 2 specified models . Also the manufacturing sector had no significant relationship with GDP in the long run but had a positive significant relationship with GDP in the short run. This gives ample evidence to the existence of the dutch disease in Nigeria. The study recommended the sterilization of oil revenues abroad and the development of Foreign Direct Investment through the fostering of Incentives to multinationals in order to reduce the negative impacts of crude oil instigated capital inflow and oil price shocks in the Nigerian economy.

Keywords: Bounds Testing; Co-integration; Crude Oil; De-industrialization; Dutch disease; Economic growth. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 O40 Q33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 12 pages
Date: 2016-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr and nep-ene
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Published in Proceedings of the Proceedings of the 5th Economic & Finance Conference, Miami, Mar 2016, pages 113-124

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