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Mobility in Cities: Distributional Impact Analysis of Transportation Improvement in São Paulo Metropolitan Region

Eduardo Haddad (), Nancy Lozano-Gracia () and Emmanuel Skoufias ()

No 2018_11, Working Papers, Department of Economics from University of São Paulo (FEA-USP)

Abstract: This paper evaluates the impacts of transportation investments/policies using a spatial computable general equilibrium (SCGE) model integrated to a travel demand model. In order to enhance our understanding of the distributional impacts of transportation improvements in Brazilian cities, we simulate the impact of different types of mobility investments in the São Paulo Metropolitan Region (SPMR). To explore further the income effects of infrastructure investments, we also conduct microsimulation exercises integrated to the SCGE results. We look at 10 different scenarios, ranging from a series of infrastructure-related interventions – considering the expansion of the mass-transit public transportation network – to policies that focus on monetary disincentives to the use of cars. The simulations results suggest trade-offs between efficiency and equity.

Keywords: General equilibrium; urban mobility; accessibility; productivity; transportation infrastructure. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C63 C68 R13 R42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018-07-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cmp, nep-tre and nep-ure
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