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Effect of Income on Trust: Evidence from the 2009 Crisis in Russia

Sergei Guriev and Maxim Ananiev
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Maxim Ananiev: UCLA

No 2015-02, Sciences Po publications from Sciences Po

Abstract: This paper draws on a natural experiment to identify the relationship between income and trust. We use a unique panel dataset on Russia where GDP experienced an 8 percent drop in 2009. The effect of the crisis had been very uneven among Russian regions because of their differences in industrial structure inherited from the Soviet times. We find that the regions that specialize in producing capital goods, as well as those depending on oil and gas, had a more substantial income decline during the crisis. The variation in the industrial structure allows creating an instrument for the change in income. After instrumenting average regional income, we find that the effect of income on generalized social trust (the share of respondents saying that most people can be trusted) is statistically and economically significant. Controlling for conventional determinants of trust, we show that 10 percent decrease in income is associated with 5 percentage point decrease in trust. Given that the average level of trust in Russia is 25%, this magnitude is substantial. We also find that post-crisis economic recovery did not restore pre-crisis trust level. Trust recovered only in those regions where the 2009 decline in trust was small. In the regions with the large decline in trust during the crisis, trust in 2014 was still 10 percentage points below its pre-crisis level.

Date: 2015-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cis and nep-pbe
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (9)

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Related works:
Working Paper: Effect of Income on Trust: Evidence from the 2009 Crisis in Russia (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Effect of Income on Trust: Evidence from the 2009 Crisis in Russia (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Effect of Income on Trust: Evidence from the 2009 Crisis in Russia (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Effect of Income on Trust: Evidence from the 2009 Crisis in Russia (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Effect of Income on Trust: Evidence from the 2009 Crisis in Russia (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: The Effect of Income on Trust: the Evidence from 2009 Crisis in Russia (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: The Effect of Income on Trust: the Evidence from 2009 Crisis in Russia (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: The Effect of Income on Trust: the Evidence from 2009 Crisis in Russia (2014) Downloads
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