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Drivers of international shipments of hazardous waste: the role of policy and technology endowment

Giovanni Marin (), Francesco Nicolli () and Emy Zecca ()

No 117, SEEDS Working Papers from SEEDS, Sustainability Environmental Economics and Dynamics Studies

Abstract: Using a gravity model for trade, this work analyzes the factors influencing the patterns of international hazardous waste flows, relying on newly available data reported in the E-PRTR (European Pollutant Release and Transfer Registry) for EU-OECD countries over the period 2007 to 2014. Exploiting a consolidated empirical framework (Kellenberg, 2012), we test two empirical hypotheses: firstly, we explicitly assess if, according to the pollution heaven hypothesis (PHH), the relative levels of environmental policies across countries are an important determinant of hazardous waste trade, and secondly, we test if technological specialization, proxied here by a technology-specific patent stock, can be considered as a pull factor capable to influence the patterns of international trade of hazardous waste.

Keywords: International Trade; Hazardous waste; Gravity model; Environmental policy; Factors endowment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F18 F64 O44 Q27 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-env and nep-int
Date: 2017-02, Revised 2017-02
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