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Does energy price affect energy efficiency? Cross-country panel evidence

Roberto Antonietti () and Fulvio Fontini

No 1218, SEEDS Working Papers from SEEDS, Sustainability Environmental Economics and Dynamics Studies

Abstract: In this paper, we analyze the relationship between energy intensity and energy price in a panel of 120 countries over 34 years, from 1980 to 2013. We use information on energy intensity and real oil price, and merge it with macroeconomic data on the countries’ structural characteristics. We assess their direction of causality using fixed effects, dynamic panel data models and Granger causality tests. We identify a statistically significant, but weak negative effect of real oil price on energy intensity, which corresponds to a positive effect of energy price on energy efficiency. We also show significant, large regional differences in this relationship. We thus posit that a global policy aimed at increasing the price of oil would induce a limited increase in average energy efficiency through a more efficient use of energy, but this increase would differ considerably across regions around the world.

Keywords: energy price; energy efficiency; real oil price; panel data (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q41 Q43 Q55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eff, nep-ene and nep-reg
Date: 2018-10, Revised 2018-10
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http://www.sustainability-seeds.org/papers/RePec/srt/wpaper/1218.pdf First version, 2018 (application/pdf)
http://www.sustainability-seeds.org/papers/RePec/srt/wpaper/1218.pdf Revised version, 2018 (application/pdf)

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Journal Article: Does energy price affect energy efficiency? Cross-country panel evidence (2019) Downloads
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