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Analysis of monthly CO2 emission trends for major EU Countries: a time series approach

Marco Quatrosi ()

No 1520, SEEDS Working Papers from SEEDS, Sustainability Environmental Economics and Dynamics Studies

Abstract: The following paper will analyse monthly trends for CO2 emissions from energy consumption for 31 European countries, four primary fuels (i.e., Crude Oil, Natural Gas, Hard Coal, Lignite) and four secondary fuels (i.e., Gas/Diesel Oil, LPG, Naphta, Petroleum Coke, Coke-oven Coke) from 2008 to 2019. Carbon dioxide emission has been estimated following the Reference Approach in the 2006 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gasses Inventories. Country-specific (e.g. Tier 2) coefficient were retrieved from the IPCC Emission Factor Database. Data on fuel consumption (e.g., Gross Inland Deliveries) were taken from the Eurostat database. This paper will fill some knowledge gap analysing monthly trends of carbon dioxide emissions for major EU Countries. As the progressive phase-out of carbon is taking place pretty much in all Europe, Crude Oil exerted the largest amount of carbon dioxide emissions in the period considered. Analysis of selected countries unveiled several clusters within the EU in terms of major source of emissions. As final step, the paper has endeavoured the task of fitting a model for monthly CO2 forecasting. The whole series presents two structural breaks and can be explained by an autoregressive model of the first order. Indeed, further speculations on a more appropriate fit and more fuels in the estimation, is demanded to other works.

Keywords: emissions; energy consumption; CO2; energy mix; energy transition; emission factors; time series (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q43 Q53 Q58 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 25 pages
Date: 2020-11, Revised 2020-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene, nep-env and nep-ore
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http://www.sustainability-seeds.org/papers/RePec/srt/wpaper/1520.pdf First version, 2020 (application/pdf)
http://www.sustainability-seeds.org/papers/RePec/srt/wpaper/1520.pdf Revised version, 2020 (application/pdf)

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