Property rights, market access and crop cultivation in Southern Rhodesia: evidence from historical satellite data
Tawanda Chingozha () and
Dieter von Fintel
Additional contact information
Tawanda Chingozha: Department of Economics, Stellenbosch University
No 03/2019, Working Papers from Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics
Agriculture plays a central role in the efforts to fight poverty and achieve economic growth. This is especially relevant in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where the majority of the population lives in rural areas. A key issue that is generally believed to unlock agriculture potential is the recognition of property rights through land titling, yet there is no overwhelming empirical evidence to support this in the case of SSA (Udry, 2011). This paper investigates access to markets as an important pre-condition for land titles to result in agricultural growth. Using the case of Southern Rhodesia, we investigate whether land titles incentivised African large-scale holders in the Native Purchase Areas (NPAs) to put more of their available land under cultivation than their counterparts in the overcrowded Tribal Trust Areas (TTAs). We create a novel dataset by applying a Support Vector Machine (SVM) learning algorithm on Landsat imagery for the period 1972 to 1984 - the period during which the debate on the nexus between land rights and agricultural production intensified. Our results indicate that land titles are only beneficial when farmers are located closer to main cities, main roads and rail stations or sidings.
Keywords: land titling; access to markets; machine learning; remote sensing (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C81 N37 Q13 Q15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-big and nep-dev
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
https://www.ekon.sun.ac.za/wpapers/2019/wp032019/wp032019.pdf First version, 2019 (application/pdf)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:sza:wpaper:wpapers317
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Working Papers from Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Melt van Schoor ().