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The Effect of Children's Time in School on Mothers' Labor Supply: Evidence from Mexico's Full-Time Schools Program

María Padilla-Romo () and Francisco Cabrera-Hernández ()
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María Padilla-Romo: Department of Economics, University of Tennessee,

No 2018-04, Working Papers from University of Tennessee, Department of Economics

Abstract: This paper examines the effect of the time children spend in school on female labor supply. In particular, we investigate the degree to which extending the school day by three and a half hours, in elementary schools, affects labor force participation, the number of weekly hours worked, and the monthly earnings of females with elementary-school-age children. To do so, we exploit within-individual variation in access to full-time schools and a rotating panel of households that contains individual-level data on labor outcomes and sociodemographic characteristics. Results from long-difference models show that extending the school day increases mothers' labor supply, increasing mothers' labor force participation by 5.5 percentage points and the number of weekly hours worked by 1.8.

Keywords: Female labor; Education; Childcare; Childrearing (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I25 J13 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-lma
Date: 2018-09
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