Economics at your fingertips  

Trade Reform and Labor Market Dynamics

Dennis P.J. Botman and Alexander Tieman
Additional contact information
Dennis P.J. Botman: University of Amsterdam

No 99-054/1, Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers from Tinbergen Institute

Abstract: We present an equilibrium-search model with heterogenous workers whosearch for a job in one of two sectors and who lose part of theirskills during unemployment. We show that an import tariff increasethe wage and the employment prospects in the protected sector. Thisresults in a labor market distortion because it changes thecomparative advantage of the least specialised workers. Trade reformresults in sectoral reallocation of workers which affects employmentin both sectors through quantity and quality effects and increasesunemployment persistently. Replacing the tariff by a wage-costsubsidy financed by means of lump-sum taxation prevents unemploymentfrom rising after trade has been reformed. However, giving a wage-cost subsidy to both sectors is cheapersince then comparative advantage of workers will no longer bedistorted, although unemployment will temporarily rise.

Keywords: Equilibirum-Search model; Comparative Advantage; Trade Reform; Spillovers; Persistence; Subsidies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F10 J20 J60 D13 D21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 1999-08-05
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link) (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers from Tinbergen Institute Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Tinbergen Office +31 (0)10-4088900 ().

Page updated 2018-09-10
Handle: RePEc:tin:wpaper:19990054