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Collective versus Decentralized Wage Bargaining and the Efficient Allocation of Resources

Xiaoming Cai, Pieter Gautier () and Makoto Watanabe ()
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Xiaoming Cai: VU University Amsterdam

No 12-086/3, Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers from Tinbergen Institute

Abstract: This discussion paper led to a publication in Labour Economics . An advantage of collective wage agreement is that search and business-stealing externalities can be internalized. A disadvantage is that it takes more time before an optimal allocation is reached because more productive firms (for a particular worker type) can no longer signal this by posting higher wages. Specifically, we consider a search model with two sided heterogeneity and on-the-job search. We compare the most favorable case of a collective wage agreement (i.e. the wage that a planner would choose under the constraint that all firms in a sector-occupation cell must offer the same wage) with the case without collective wage agreement. We find that collective wage agreements are never desirable if firms can commit ex ante to a wage and only desirable if firms cannot commit and the relative efficiency of on the job search to off- the job search is less than 20%. This result is hardly sensitive to the bargaining power of workers. Empirically we find both for the Netherlands and the US that this value is closer to 50%.

Keywords: Collective wage agreements; on-the-job search; efficiency (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E24 J62 J63 J64 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012-08-28
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Related works:
Working Paper: Collective versus Decentralized Wage Bargaining and the Efficient Allocation of Resources (2015) Downloads
Journal Article: Collective versus decentralized wage bargaining and the efficient allocation of resources (2014) Downloads
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