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Dutch Municipalities are Becoming Greener: Some Political and Institutional Explanations

Raymond Gradus () and Elbert Dijkgraaf ()

No 17-086/VIII, Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers from Tinbergen Institute

Abstract: This paper analyzes whether Dutch municipalities became greener between 1999 and 2014 by investigating whether they implement different unit-based pricing systems. Based on their incentive, systems are ranged from green ('weight' ) to less green ('volume' ), or not green ('flat rate' ). In one-third of the municipalities, shifts took place, with 83 percent becoming greener and 17 percent less green. Political fragmentation (measured in three ways) plays a key role in explaining these shifts. There is less evidence for political motivation. Particularly, Conservative Liberals are not in favor of unit-based pricing, whereas Social Liberals are in favor. In addition, municipalities in rural and shrinking areas are more in favor of unit-based pricing.

Keywords: local government; unit-based waste pricing; greener; less green; ideological motivation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 H76 H79 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-env, nep-hme, nep-pol and nep-ure
Date: 2017-09-22
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:tin:wpaper:20170086

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