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Productivity and Unemployment in a Two-country Model with Endogenous Growth

Ton Schaik () and Henri de Groot ()

No 1997-53, Discussion Paper from Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research

Abstract: Relative to the United States, most European countries have high rates of unemployment and low levels of productivity in manufacturing. To relate these issues, we develop a leader-follower model with endogenous growth and dual labour markets, stressing the role of high-tech and high-wage sectors in trade between countries. The model shows a negative relation between unemployment and growth. The steady state relative productivity level and the corresponding rates of unemployment depend on the relative level of fixed costs in the high-tech sectors of both countries. Downsizing of firms in the leader country raises the worldwide rate of unemployment, whereas downsizing of firms in the follower country enlarges the productivity trap.

Keywords: international trade; endogenous growth; unemployment; efficiency wages; managerial fixed costs; relative productivity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O41 F43 J64 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 1997
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