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Unbalanced Sex Ratios in Germany Caused by World War II and their Effect on Fertility: A Life Cycle Perspective

Iris Kesternich (), Bettina Siflinger, James P. Smith and Carina Steckenleiter
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Bettina Siflinger: Tilburg University, Center For Economic Research

No 2018-032, Discussion Paper from Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research

Abstract: This paper analyses long-term effects of highly unbalanced sex ratios in Germany caused by World War II on fertility outcomes over the life cycle. By using Census data linked with individual biography data, we find that a permanent reduction in the number of men delayed women’s first birth. However, the effects crucially depend on at what age fertility of women is evaluated. While women with low sex ratios have fewer children at younger ages, they compensate at later ages. We also find substitution from the extensive towards the intensive margin. Mechanisms are marrying later, accepting lower quality matches and expanding the child-bearing period.

Keywords: sex ratio; fertility; marriage; life cycle; World War II (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J10 J2 J13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem and nep-his
Date: 2018
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