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Salud, trabajo y nutrición: Irlanda antes de la hambruna

Cormac Ó Gráda ()

Open Access publications from School of Economics, University College Dublin

Abstract: En vísperas de la Gran Hambruna (1846-50), los ingresos irlandeses eran bajos según los patrones europeos. Sin embargo, un análisis de las dietas en Irlanda nos sugirieron que la pobreza se hallaba mitigada por una ingestión de calorías que sobrepasaba a las de Inglaterra y Francia en los inicios del siglo XIX. Las demandas calóricas extras debidas al trabajo agrícola no explican esta desproporción. La impresión de una alimentación saludable queda corroborada por un análisis comparativo entre las estaturas irlandesas y británicas de finales del siglo XVIII y principios del XIX. On the eve of the Great Famine (1846-50) Irish incomes were low by west European standards. However, an analysis of Irish diets at the time suggests that poverty was mitigated by a calorifíc intake that exceeded that of early nineteenth-century England and France. The added physical requirements of farm work in Ireland were not commensurate. The impression of healthy food is corroborated by a comparative analysis of Irish and British heights in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.

Keywords: Anthropometry--Ireland--History; Nutrition--Ireland--History (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 1993
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Published in: Revista de Historia Económica, 11(3) 1993

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