Why has Work Effort become more intense? Conjectures and Evidence about Effort-Biased Technical Change and other stories
Francis Green ()
Studies in Economics from School of Economics, University of Kent
I investigate possible explanations for work intensification, using four British data sets. I conjecture that an important source of work intensification is effort-biased technical change (EBTC), which enhances the productivity of high effort workers relative to that of low effort workers. EBTC can be traced to innovations such as Total Quality Management and to information technology, and is linked with multi-skilling. I argue that EBTC is complementary with skill-biased technological change. Additional sources of intensification are the increasing use of intra-firm communication policies, and the declining power of unions. All the above receive empirical support. However, evidence also shows that neither increased teamworking nor, contrary to popular expectations, changing job insecurity has raised average effort levels.
Keywords: Labour supply; work effort; work intensity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ino and nep-lab
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Our link check indicates that this URL is bad, the error code is: 500 Failed to connect to FTP server ftp.ukc.ac.uk: No such host is known.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ukc:ukcedp:0003
Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Studies in Economics from School of Economics, University of Kent School of Economics, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7NP.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Tracey Girling ().