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Grandir, oui ! Mais comment ? Analyse de la concentration par fusion des cooperatives vinicoles du Languedoc-Roussillon

L.A. Saïsset and Foued Cheriet

Working Papers MoISA from INRA, UMR Moïsa

Abstract: Cooperatives are a specific type of organization. For a century, they represented an important means of organisational and strategic structuring of agricultural and food sectors in France. By the early 1990s, an accelerated process of concentration is observed between agricultural cooperatives. The purpose of our work is to analyze the concentration process mainly by mergers of agricultural cooperatives. The analysis of 14 wine cooperatives mergers in Languedoc-Roussillon wine between 2004 and 2010 is our empirical application. The main results indicate that there are different types of "process" of mergers: some are done without any backup strategy, while others respond to orders of local policies. Finally, in other cases, mergers are based on real corporate strategic projects to find synergies between the involved cooperatives. ...French Abstract : Les coopératives constituent un mode organisationnel spécifique. Elles représentent un vecteur important de structuration de certaines filières agricoles et agroalimentaires en France depuis près d’un siècle. Dès le début des années 1990, une accélération du mouvement de concentration entre coopératives agricoles est observée. L’objet de notre travail est d’analyser le processus de rapprochement (par fusion et acquisition) des coopératives agricoles. Le suivi de 14 opérations de fusions de coopératives vinicoles du Languedoc-Roussillon entre 2004 et 2010 constitue notre application empirique. Les principaux résultats indiquent qu’il existe différents types de « processus » de fusions : certaines sont menées dans l’urgence sans aucune stratégie que la sauvegarde d’exploitations en difficultés, alors que d’autres répondent à des injonctions des politiques locales. Enfin, d’autres reposent sur de véritables projets stratégiques d’entreprise permettant de trouver des synergies entre les structures coopératives engagées.

Keywords: WINE COOPERATIVES; FUSIONS & ACQUISITIONS; LANGUEDOC-ROUSSILLON; COOPERATIVES VINICOLES; FUSIONS & ACQUISITIONS; FRANCE (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L14 L21 Q13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2011
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-hme and nep-ppm
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