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Precarization or protection? The impact of trade and labour policies on informality

Rita Almeida (), Lourenco Paz and Jennifer Poole

No wp-2021-47, WIDER Working Paper Series from World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER)

Abstract: Several episodes of market-oriented reforms in developing countries have been accompanied by a significant rise in work outside of the formal economy. This paper investigates whether the impact of increased exposure to trade on formal employment is mediated by the strength of labour regulations. We rely on data from the Brazilian Census which provides information on workers' demographics and employment, including job formality status.

Keywords: Brazil; Informality; Trade; Regulation; Instrumental variable; Labour (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-int and nep-iue
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