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Reevaluating distributional consequences of the transition to market economy in Poland: new results from combined household survey and tax return data

Michał Brzeziński (), Michal Myck () and Mateusz Najsztub ()

No 2019-18, Working Papers from Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw

Abstract: We use Pareto imputation, survey reweighting, and microsimulation methods applied to combined household survey and tax return data to reevaluate distributional consequences of the post-socialist transition in Poland. Our approach results in the first estimates of top-corrected inequality trends for real equivalized disposable incomes over the years 1994-2015. We find that the top-corrected Gini coefficient grew by 14-26% more compared to the unadjusted survey-based estimates. This implies that over the last three decades Poland has become one of the most unequal European countries among those for which top-corrected inequality estimates exist. The highest-income earners benefited the most during the post-socialist transformation: the annual rate of in-come growth for the top 5% of the population exceeded 3.5%, while the median income grew by about 2.5%.

Keywords: income inequality; Gini index; top income shares; tax record; survey data; Pareto distribution; Poland (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C46 D31 D63 P36 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 43 pages
Date: 2019
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-eur and nep-tra
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (5) Track citations by RSS feed

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https://www.wne.uw.edu.pl/index.php/download_file/5141/ First version, 2019 (application/pdf)

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Working Paper: Reevaluating Distributional Consequences of the Transition to Market Economy in Poland: New Results from Combined Household Survey and Tax Return Data (2019) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:war:wpaper:2019-18

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