EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Assessing job flows across countries: the role of industry, firm size, and regulations

John Haltiwanger, Stefano Scarpetta () and Helena Schweiger

No 4070, Policy Research Working Paper Series from The World Bank

Abstract: This paper reviews the process of job creation and destruction across a sample of 16 industrial and emerging economies over the past decade. It exploits a harmonized firm-level data set drawn from business registers and enterprise census data. The paper assesses the importance of technological factors that characterize different industries in explaining cross-country differences in job flows. It shows that industry effects play an important role in shaping job flows at the aggregate level. Even more importantly, differences in the size composition of firms-within each industry-explain a large fraction of the overall variability in job creation and destruction. However, even after controlling for industry/technology and size factors there remain significant differences in job flows across countries that could reflect differences in business environment conditions. The authors look at one factor shaping the business environment, namely, regulations on hiring and firing ofworkers. To minimize possible endogeneity and omitted variable problems associated with cross-country regressions, we use a difference-in-difference approach. The empirical results suggest that stringent hiring and firing costs reduce job turnover, especially in those industries that require more frequent labor adjustment. Regulations also distort the patterns of industry/size flows. Within each industry, medium and large firms are more severely affected by stringent labor regulations, while small firms are less affected, probably because they are partially exempted from such regulations or can more easily circumvent them.

Keywords: Labor Markets; Small Scale Enterprise; Microfinance; Inequality; Water and Industry (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-ent
Date: 2006-11-01
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (94) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSC ... ered/PDF/wps4070.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Assessing Job Flows Across Countries: The Role of Industry, Firm Size and Regulations (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: Assessing Job Flows across Countries: The Role of Industry, Firm Size and Regulations (2006) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4070

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Policy Research Working Paper Series from The World Bank 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433. Contact information at EDIRC.
Series data maintained by Roula I. Yazigi ().

 
Page updated 2017-10-13
Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4070