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Wealth gradients in early childhood cognitive development in five Latin American countries

Norbert Schady, Jere Behrman, M. Caridad Araujo (), Rodrigo Azuero (), Raquel Bernal (), David Bravo, Florencia Lopez-Boo, Karen Macours, Daniela Marshall, Christina Paxson and Renos Vakis
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Florencia Lopez Boo ()

No 6779, Policy Research Working Paper Series from The World Bank

Abstract: Research from the United States shows that gaps in early cognitive and noncognitive abilities appear early in the life cycle. Little is known about this important question for developing countries. This paper provides new evidence of sharp differences in cognitive development by socioeconomic status in early childhood for five Latin American countries. To help with comparability, the paper uses the same measure of receptive language ability for all five countries. It finds important differences in development in early childhood across countries, and steep socioeconomic gradients within every country. For the three countries where panel data to follow children over time exists, there are few substantive changes in scores once children enter school. These results are robust to different ways of defining socioeconomic status, to different ways of standardizing outcomes, and to selective non-response on the measure of cognitive development.

Keywords: Youth and Governance; Educational Sciences; Street Children; Primary Education; Population Policies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-lam, nep-ltv and nep-neu
Date: 2014-02-01
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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Related works:
Journal Article: Wealth Gradients in Early Childhood Cognitive Development in Five Latin American Countries (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Wealth Gradients in Early Childhood Cognitive Development in Five Latin American Countries (2015)
Working Paper: Wealth gradients in early childhood cognitive development in five Latin American countries (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Wealth Gradients in Early Childhood Cognitive Development in Five Latin American Countries (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Wealth Gradients in Early Childhood Cognitive Development in Five Latin American Countries (2014) Downloads
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