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Wealth Gradients in Early Childhood Cognitive Development in Five Latin American Countries

Norbert Schady, Jere Behrman, Maria Caridad Araujo (), Rodrigo Azuero (), Raquel Bernal (), David Bravo (), Florencia Lopez Boo (), Karen Macours, Daniela Marshall (), Christina Paxson () and Renos Vakis ()
Additional contact information
Maria Caridad Araujo: Inter-American Development Bank
Rodrigo Azuero: Inter-American Development Bank
Raquel Bernal: Universidad de los Andes
Daniela Marshall: University of Pennsylvania
Christina Paxson: Princeton University
Renos Vakis: World Bank

No 12107, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Research from the United States shows that gaps in early cognitive and non-cognitive ability appear early in the life cycle. Little is known about this important question for developing countries. This paper provides new evidence of sharp differences in cognitive development by socioeconomic status in early childhood for five Latin American countries. To help with comparability, we use the same measure of receptive language ability for all five countries. We find important differences in development in early childhood across countries, and steep socioeconomic gradients within every country. For the three countries where we can follow children over time, there are few substantive changes in scores once children enter school. Our results are robust to different ways of defining socioeconomic status, to different ways of standardizing outcomes, and to selective non-response on our measure of cognitive development.

Keywords: poverty; cognitive development; gradients (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I24 I25 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 27 pages
Date: 2019-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-ltv and nep-neu
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (7) Track citations by RSS feed

Published in: Journal of Human Resources, 2015, 50 (2), 446 - 463

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http://ftp.iza.org/dp12107.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Wealth Gradients in Early Childhood Cognitive Development in Five Latin American Countries (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Wealth Gradients in Early Childhood Cognitive Development in Five Latin American Countries (2015)
Working Paper: Wealth Gradients in Early Childhood Cognitive Development in Five Latin American Countries (2015)
Working Paper: Wealth Gradients in Early Childhood Cognitive Development in Five Latin American Countries (2015)
Working Paper: Wealth gradients in early childhood cognitive development in five Latin American countries (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Wealth Gradients in Early Childhood Cognitive Development in Five Latin American Countries (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Wealth Gradients in Early Childhood Cognitive Development in Five Latin American Countries (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Wealth gradients in early childhood cognitive development in five Latin American countries (2014) Downloads
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